B.F. Skinner, known as the “Father of Behaviorism” developed a theory of operant conditioning, which states that all behavior is governed by reinforcing and punishing stimuli. Behavior modification uses a scheduled approach that rewards desired behavior and punishes undesirable behavior.
Many people get offended if you mention child psychology (or heaven forbid, dog training) in a conversation about behavior modification in the adult BDSM sense of the term. But, the fact is that the basic psychological principles of behavior modification and operant conditioning work equally well on any age group.
6 APPROACHES FOR DEVELOPING NEW BEHAVIOUR
1. Successive Approximation Approach
This approach is to instill new behavior by rewarding preferred action steps until the final demanded behavior is achieved. For instance, ear scratches or simply showing affection by the Dominant to the submissive can be very rewarding.
2. Continuous Reinforcement Approach
Immediate reward after each correct and desired action is being carried out, continuously, to reinforce desired behavior. For instance, saying “thank you” is a good way to show appreciation, and hence the acknowledgment of the correct action by the Dominant, may be considered a gentle reward to the submissive.
3. Negative Reinforcement Approach
Appropriate and proportional punishment of the submissive when desired action is not carried out. Punishment should not be enjoyable, if pain is pleasurable for the submissive, then it is not considered as punishment.
4. Modelling Approach
Arranging for the submissive to watch the behavior being carried out by others, and working together with guidance. For instance, teaching the submissive how to tie a rope, or serve morning coffee, by performing the act for the observation of the learner. This is often a socialisation process, where a submissive who is new to the space can observe the environment to learn a set of desired behaviors.
5. Cueing Approach
Continuously providing clear and specific social cues or reminders, at a desired time and location. The cues should happen before the action being carried out, as opposed to after the individual has acted incorrectly. For example, “Kneel, beside the front door” can be a social cue at a particular time of the day when it is desired.
6. Discrimination Approach
To instill a particular act in some circumstances but not other circumstances, rewards can be given only when the action is carried out in the desired circumstances.
2 WAYS TO STRENGTHEN A NEW BEHAVIOUR
1. Decreasing Reinforcement Approach
The frequency of rewards for desired behavior can be decreased and substituted with gentle encouragement, gradually stretching the requirement for rewards associated with correct behaviour. You see this in dog training, where the trainer reduces the treats when the pet is performing well to a command, and begins to associate the treats with a new command the trainer wishes to teach.
2. Variable Reinforcement Approach
When correct behavior is carried out, varying the reinforcement behaviour or rewards is a better way to maintain/improve the submissive’s performance than always associating the same reward with the action.
4 WAYS TO STOP INAPPROPRIATE BEHAVIOUR
1. Satiation Approach
It may be appropriate in some cases to allow (or even command) the submissive to carry out the undesired behavior until they get bored and tired of deviation.
2. Extinction Approach
Every reward can be stopped if an undesired behavior is carried out.
3. Incompatible Alternative Approach
Rewarding an alternative opposite or opposing action to the one that is undesired may cause the submissive to act on the positive action and, at the same time, stop acting on the undesired behavior.
4. Punishment Approach
If an action is to be punished, punishment should happen immediately after the undesired action. Bear in mind that punishment does not always work. It may result in increased aggression and hostility. It should therefore be used in proportion to the action, and in conjunction with other reinforcement.
2 APPROACHES TO MODIFICATION OF BEHAVIOUR
1. Avoidance Approach
To prevent a child becoming addicted to video games, the simplest approach is to not allow them to play games in the first place. It also follows that they should not be left in the company of friends who enjoy playing games. In BDSM, this approach also applies. Do not allow your submissive to start acting in a way that is inappropriate, and avoid situations where the kind of action you are avoiding takes place.
2. Fear Reduction Approach
A submissive can overcome his fear of a particular situation if his exposure to that situation is slowly increased, slowly stretching his comfortable level with reward when he is relaxed, secure and not fearful.
• These techniques are based largely on “Principles for Using Behavior Modification” by W. Huitt
• Deviance & Desire – Behavior Modification Using Reinforcement and Punishment
• X|C|BDSM – Submissive Training, Conditioning and Development
• Dominant Life – SF’s Guide to Behaviour Modification
• The Kinky World of Vile – Behavior Modification is Alive and Well
• Maybe Maimed but Never Harmed – The Psychology of Conditioning in a D/s Relationship